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NAB: E Si Malite Ya ...


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Ọfọn, ebe a anyị na-, na-eru nso họpụtara Gosi! Ọzọkwa, m ga-anọ, na-anọchite anya ya Broadcast Naa Magazine, Dị ka m ife efe site na Gosi Ft, ịhụ ihe na m nwere ike ịhụ nke niile Kacha ọhụrụ ngwaahịa na innovations na studio (agbasa ozi n'ikuku na post-mmepụta) ụlọ ọrụ.

N'agbanyeghị na niile obi ụtọ na Gosi na-eweta, mgbe na-eche ihe "họpụtara" bụ ma ọ bụ onye na "National Association of Broadcasters"Bụ? E wezụga na nke usu nile nke ndi nke kasị ukwuu studio ụlọ ọrụ ná mgbakọ na a Ụwa, họpụtara bụ a buru ibu ma na mgbagwoju anya ahụ, ugbua ka enwere na agbasa ozi n'ikuku òtù, asị ma telivishọn na redio, na ugbu a internet na bụla ọzọ ụdị media nnyefe, dị ka nke ọma dị ka ihe niile ndị ọzọ ụlọ ọrụ ndị na-akwado ha.

120611_national_association_broadcasters_shinkle_605Họpụtara na-multi-faceted ụbọchị ndị a, na ogwe aka inyịme si agụmakwụkwọ, nnyocha na nkà na ụzụ ọhụrụ (họpụtara Labs) ka onwe (ma ọ bụ omebe iwu na usoro iwu na-eme), si Standards Setting (na Television Code aka "The Akara nke Good Practice") na The Emergency Broadcast System (EBS), site na online ihe noo na nzukọ na ihe niile na-n'agbata. Dị nnọọ abanye ha website i furu na otú ha na-ejikọrọ na ole ha na-aga.

CHAỊ! Ama m ezigbo? Ị na-atụ egwu dị ka m, mgbe ọ bụla m na-atụgharị uche na nso nke NAB. Ma, olee otú o si malite? Kedu ihe bụ mmalite mmalite nke NAB na oleekwa otú ha si biarue ebe ha nọ taa? Na-agụ na, m na-atụkwa anya ịza ajụjụ ndị ahụ na ajụjụ ndị ọzọ ị nwere ike inwe banyere nzukọ a nke jikọrọ aka na ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi na ụlọ ọrụ ụlọ ọrụ.Eugene F. Macdonald

Òtù Na-ahụ Maka Mgbasaozi Mba na-adịkarị ka agadi dịka mgbasaozi, n'onwe ya. Ntọala na 1922 site na Eugene F. McDonald, Nchoputa nke zenith Corporation, NAB bụ ụlọ ọrụ azụmahịa nzuzo nke e mere maka nzube nke ijere mkpa nke ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi. A haziri ya iji guzobe usoro nke ụkpụrụ omume n'ime ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi site na ịmepụta ụkpụrụ nduzi maka njide onwe onye (nke a maara dị ka National Association of Radio Broadcasters, ọ gbanwere aha ya na National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters na 1951, mgbe ọ na-etinye aka na Television Broadcasters Association; ọ gbanwere aha ya na National Association of Broadcasters na 1958).

Ndi gọọmenti anaghị enwe "iwu onwe onye" nke a, ya mere ọ ga-abanye n'ime ya. The Communications Act of 1934 ghọrọ iwu mbụ zuru oke iji dozie nkwurịta okwu (ma waya ma wireless). A na-ewere mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi dị ka azụmahịa obodo, nke Congress nwere ikike ịchịkwa n'okpuru iwu US (Nkeji edemede M, Nkebi 8), na ntanetị ozi nyere Nchedo Mbụ. A ghọtara mgbasa ozi dịka nkwupụta dị iche iche nke nkwurịta okwu nke ga-achọ nhazi usoro iwu dị iche iche karịa nke ndị na-ebukarị ngwa ngwa dị ka telephony na telivishọn. A kwadoro ihe a niile na nkà ihe ọmụma na mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi kwesịrị ịkwado mmasị ọha, mma, na mkpa. Ihe 1934 mere FCC, Bụ nke e boro ya ebubo ya n'ịhụ na mgbasaozi n'ikuku mere ọha mmasị, mma, na mkpa.

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On May 1, 1955, NARB otu gụnyere 1,234 AM (njupụta mgbanwe olu) ụgbọ, 327 FM (ugboro mgbanwe olu) ụgbọ 3 mba radio netwọk, Columbia Broadcasting System, Mutual Broadcasting System, na National Broadcasting Co., Inc. On telivishọn n'ihu , na National Association of Radio na Television Broadcasters nwere 267 Ụlọ ọrụ telivishọn dị ka òtù na niile 4 telivishọn mba netwọk, American Broadcasting Co., Columbia Broadcasting System, DuMont Television Network na National Broadcasting Co., Inc. (Source: Sineti Committee na ọkàikpe, Subcommittee ka Inyocha ntorobịa ji akpa aghara, Television na ntorobịa ji akpa aghara, Obere oge akụkọ, 1955, Committee Print.)

Television CodeMgbe ya guzobere, na National Association of Broadcasters ẹkenam a Radio Code na 1929 na ekemende, dị ka technology choro, a Television Code na 1952 (n'akwụkwọ ya, Leo Bogart kwuru na Television Broadcasting mepụtara swiftly n'okpuru aegis nke isi radio netwọk onye nyekwara ọtụtụ nde dollar in ... [na] enterprise (Bogart, The Age of Television, P. 9, 1956)).

Otú ọ dị, a kwụsịrị Maịl abụọ na 1982 na-esote Ngalaba Ikpe Ziri Ezi nke e mere iji dozie ọnọdụ ọnụahịa mgbasa ozi, chọpụta mmebi nke iwu Sherman Antitrust Act (15 USC § 1 (1976)). Enweghị ndị mmanye mgbasa ozi ịbanye na NAB ma ọ bụ na-agbaso koodu ndị o guzobere, n'agbanyeghị na a ghọtara ha dị ka "ụkpụrụ omume ọma" site na FCC, bụ nke na-esiteghikwa iwu iwu ọha na eze na mpaghara ndị koodu kpuchiri.

Họpụtara "na-aga ụsụ" nke ọha na eze, n'ụzọ nkịtị na-agbalị ịnọgide na-enwe akpọsa ụkpụrụ na-edebe ihe niile 8679-2_NAB_logos_csagbasa ozi na ọbụna keel. Kemgbe ọtụtụ afọ, NAB etinyewo aka n'ọtụtụ ikpe, na-apụtakarị dị ka amicus curiae, ma ọ bụ "enyi nke ụlọikpe" dị ka inwe mmasị siri ike na ma ọ bụ echiche banyere ihe gbasara ihe omume, ma ọ bụghị otu ndị nnọchiteanya na-eme ihe ahụ . Echiche ha enyerela aka ịmepụta ebe iwu kwadoro maka ụlọ ọrụ dum (nke gụnyere mgbasa ozi, mmepụta ihe multimedia na telekomunikashions ngwaike, software, na ọrụ).

Wezụga lobbying na ime iwu na omume, họpụtara na-enye ndị so na ya na ndị ọzọ uru, gụnyere a research n'ọbá akwụkwọ nwere karịrị iri puku mpịakọta, a mkpara ahụ na-agụnye ndị ọkachamara na sayensị na nkà na ụzụ na-eme nnyocha na atụmatụ, na a kwa ọnwa ala ka òtù (họpụtara World), Nakwa dị ka ihe kwa izu mbipụta RadioWeek na TV National_Association_of_Broadcasters_headquartersTaa.

Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, NAB malitere NAB Education Foundation, ka o wee nwee ike ịkụziri ụmụ amaala na United States banyere ụkpụrụ nke okwu na-enweghị isi na isiokwu ndị ọzọ gbasara ụlọ ọrụ ahụ. Ntọala ahụ na-eduzi nyocha na ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ na nsogbu ndị dị ka ikike mbido mmezi mbụ metụtara ọdịnaya ihe omume, echiche ederede, na okwu azụmahịa. Ka anyị ghara ichefu mgbakọ ndị ahụ e kwuru na mbụ, nke na-adọta ndị ọkachamara 100,000 ma bụrụ isi ihe ọmụma, netwọk na nkà na ụzụ showcases na United States!

Ị ga-ahụ ụlọ ọrụ isi ụlọ ọrụ NAB (ebe ọzọ?) Na Washington DC, ebe ọ na-aga n'ihu na-eche nche mgbe nile maka ikuku mmiri ma na-eduga njem maka ịdị mma n'ime ụlọ ọrụ mgbasa ozi. Na November 1, 2009, onyeisi oche na CEO nke NAB bụ Gordon H. Smith, A mbụ United States Senator si Oregon.

NAB bu ndi otu mgbasaozi ndi mgbasa ozi nke United States, anyi enweela ihe omuma banyere igbalite redio na ihe omimi di na Washington, "?? kwuru NBA President na CEO Gordon H. Smith. Ozi anyị anọwo na-anọgide na-akwado ike mgbasa ozi nke na-eje ozi n'ógbè dị iche iche, na-eme ka azụmahịa ha sie ike na ijide ohere ọhụrụ. Site họpụtara Gosi na ndị ọzọ na, atumatu, dị ka họpụtara Labs, anyị na-akwalite ọhụrụ, si otú na-agba ume a na-egbuke egbuke ga-eme n'ọdịnihu maka ụlọ ọrụ.

Chọpụta ihe banyere họpụtara site na ịga na ya website: www.nab.org.


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Ryan Salazar

Editor-Na-Chief, nkwusa at Broadcast Tienụ Magazine, LLC.
Ryan malitere ịrụ ọrụ na agbasa ozi n'ikuku na post mmepụta ụlọ ọrụ na-eto eto afọ iri na abụọ! O mepụtara ihe omume telivishọn, wuru nnukwu post mmepụta ụlọ ọrụ, dere maka ụfọdụ n'ime ụlọ na-eduga mbipụta na bụ audio engineer ruo afọ iri. Ryan na mbụ dere maka Broadcast Engineering Magazine, Creative ehi na ya oru e-agba na ọtụtụ akwụkwọ.
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